Eighty years ago this week, in April 1931, the Spanish Segunda República (Second Republic) was proclaimed. Earlier that year, King Alfonso XIII had abdicated as a consequence of massive civil unrest. Upon the king’s retreat and emigration to France, democratic elections were held in February of 1931. Apparently, Palma de Mallorca was the second Spanish city where the Republican flag was hoisted from the ajuntament (town hall), after Barcelona.
Under the Segunda República, the right to divorce was granted, abortion was legalised, the educational system was reformed, an agrarian reform was instigated and the vote was extended to female citizens, for the first time. A new constitution was also drafted and adopted later that year, in December, 1931.
The Second Republic only lasted until 1936. In February, 1936, democratic national elections were held and won by the Frente Popular (Popular Front), a loose coalition of left-leaning and socialist parties. The new government, however, was overthrown by a military putsch under Francisco Franco Bahamonde in July, 1936. A civil war was subsequently declared by the military and atrocities continued with the Guerra Civil raging until 1939. At the end of the Civil War, Spain was ruled under the dictatorship of Generalisimo Franco until 1975.
The photo was borrowed from the Internet, courtesy of ultimahora.es.