Skip to content

The Catalan Atlas of 1375

jaffuda_cresques

During the 14th century, Mallorca was particularly renowned for its cartographers, mapmakers and makers of portolan charts. The most famous ones were Abraham Cresques and his son, Jafudà (shown in my photo in an artist’s impression). They lived in Palma and they were Jewish. After the Aragonese persecutions of 1391, Jafudà Cresques had to convert to Christianity, at which time he took the name Jaume Riba (Latin: Jacobus Ribus).

It is believed that the King of Aragón y Cataluña, Pedro IV instructed Abraham Cresques to draw a Mapamundi, showing the world as it was then known, emphasizing “a saber imagen del mundo y de las regiones que hay en la Tierra y los diferentes pueblos que la habitan”. The map, also known as ‘Atles català‘ was reportedly finished in 1375. In 1381, the King made the masterpiece a present to his cousin, the French King Charles VI. Pedro IV’s son and successor, King Juan I ordered another map from Jafudà Cresques in 1387, the year in which Cresques senior had died; that map was completed in 1389. This latter Mapamundi is presumed lost. The first one, the Catalan Atlas of 1375 shown below, is on display at the Bibliothèque National de France, in Paris.

atlas_catala

The Fundació Bartolomé March at the Palau March in Palma owns a significant collection of Medieval maps of the Escuela Mallorquín but curiously, does not own one from the hand of either one of the Cresqueses. Still, a visit there could be rewarding, if one was interested in the subject. Visiting times at the Palau March museum are Monday to Friday (09h30 – 14h00), and Tuesday to Thursday (16h00 – 20h00) before July 14th, after which there is no afternoon session until September 16th. Entry admission is 3.60 €.

The photo (top) was taken in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. The date: September 19th, 2008. The time: 16:01:11. The sculpture of Jafudà Cresques is by the artist María Isabel Ballester, from the year 2007. Its location is in Palma de Mallorca, in Plaça Temple. The Mapamundi map (bottom) was borrowed from the Internet, courtesy of Valdeperrillos. Gracias.

2 replies »

  1. Pedro IV, the King of Aragón y Cataluña?????
    Pedro IV King of Aragón, Valencia, Cerdeña and Córcega and Count III of Barcelona (1319-1387).
    Count of Barcelona, Cataluña don’t exist.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Stats

  • 1,486,722 visits

Copyright

Copyright © November Press 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to November Press and Mallorca Daily Photo Blog with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Copyleft ©© Klaus Fabricius 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

%d bloggers like this: